Monday, November 12, 2007

Lung Cancer - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Care

In the United Kingdom 38,000 people are diagnosed with lung malignant neoplastic disease every year. There are two types of lung cancer; little cell which happens in 20% of lawsuits and non-small cell which happens in 80% of cases. Small cell lung malignant neoplastic disease is the most unsafe as it goes through to other parts of the organic structure early on and can acquire into the bloodstream or lymph system quite quickly. Non little cell lung malignant neoplastic disease travelings more slowly and if caught early tin be successfully cured.

Smoking is the chief cause of lung malignant neoplastic disease although 10% of people with the disease have got never smoked. The hazard of lung malignant neoplastic disease additions with the figure of cigarets smoked and the age of the smoker. If a individual Michigan smoke the hazards cut down quickly and after 15 old age the opportunities of developing lung malignant neoplastic disease are the same as a non-smoker. Breathing in other people's coffin nail smoke, known as inactive smoking, additions the opportunities of getting lung malignant neoplastic disease but the hazards are far less than if you fume yourself. Those who smoke cigars, bagpipe or hemp have got a less hazard of lung malignant neoplastic disease than coffin nail tobacco users but a far greater hazard than non-smokers.

Radon gas in high concentrations is believed to add to the hazard of developing lung cancer, this is a naturally occurring gas in some countries and you can acquire a Rn sensor to check up on the degrees in your home. In rare lawsuits contact with some chemicals and matters such as as uranium, Cr and Ni can also do lung cancer.

The symptoms of lung malignant neoplastic disease can include:

A relentless or long standing cough

Thorax infection

Increasing breathlessness

Coughing up blood

Loss of appetency and weight

Trouble swallowing

Excessive fatigue and lethargy

It is of import to acquire any of these symptoms checked out by a physician but any could be caused by an unwellness other than lung cancer.

Diagnosis starts with an scrutiny by a general practitioner who may set up for x-rays and diagnostic tests to be conducted at a hospital. The infirmary docs may also make a Connecticut scan or spiral Connecticut scan which is a series of x-rays that construct up a three-dimensional picture of the interior of the organic structure and can assist happen the land site and size of the cancer; or a Bronchoscopy which is where the interior of the lung air passages are examined with a bronchoscope. This is a thin flexible tubing which is passed via the olfactory organ or oral cavity into the airways, the physician can then look through the bronchoscope to check up on for abnormalities. Photographs and biopsies can be taken at the same time.

Small cell lung malignant neoplastic disease is normally treated with chemotherapy which enables the patient to dwell longer with better control of the symptoms. Unless little cell lung malignant neoplastic disease is establish very early surgery is not normally done because the malignant neoplastic disease will have got spreading to other parts of the organic structure before being diagnosed. Sometimes radiotherapy is given to the caput to forestall the malignant neoplastic disease spreading to the encephalon and in advanced lawsuits of little cell lung malignant neoplastic disease it is used to effectively alleviate symptoms such as as pain.

Non little cell lung malignant neoplastic disease is treated differently depending on the phase of the cancer; at an early phase surgery can be used to take the malignant neoplastic disease and is often followed up with chemotherapy. Radiotherapy may also be used on patients not suit adequate or choosing not to have got surgery. In advanced phases chemotherapy and radiation therapy are used, sometimes a combination of the two. These are used to keep a good quality of life for as long as possible and live over pain.

Friday, November 9, 2007

Are You At Risk With Colorectal Cancer?

Colorectal cancer, also called big intestine cancer, is the term used to depict malignant tumours establish in the colon and rectum.

In the United States, about 160,000 new lawsuits of colorectal malignant neoplastic disease are diagnosed each year. It is the 3rd most commonly diagnosed malignant neoplastic disease and the 2nd prima cause of malignant neoplastic disease decease in the United States.

The norm age of diagnosing of malignant neoplastic disease in patients with this syndrome is 44 old age old, as compared to 64 old age old in people without the syndrome. Two-thirds of these malignant neoplastic diseases happen in the proximal colon.

In colon malignant neoplastic disease patients, diagnosticians can mensurate microsatellite instability in colon tumour specimens, which is a alternate marker for deoxyribonucleic acid mismatch fix factor dysfunction.

To cognize if you are at hazard to colorectal cancer, you must cognize what are the causes, hazard factors and symptoms associated with this cancer.

However, I have got known there is no single cause for colon cancer. Nearly all colon malignant neoplastic diseases get as benign polyps, which slowly develop into cancer.

But you have got got a higher hazard for colon malignant neoplastic disease if you have: Colorectal polypuses Cancer elsewhere in the body, a household history of colon cancer, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, personal history of breast cancer.

Certain familial syndromes also increase the hazard of developing colon cancer. What you eat may play a function in your hazard of colon cancer.

Colon malignant neoplastic disease may be associated with a high-fat, low-fiber light and reddish meat. Colon and rectum malignant neoplastic disease often do no symptoms, especially at first.


The followers symptoms, however, may bespeak colon cancer: Diarrhea, constipation, or other alteration in intestine habits, blood in the stool, unexplained anemia, abdominal hurting and tenderness in the less abdomen. It may also include intestinal obstruction, weight loss with no known reason, narrow stools.


With proper screening, colon malignant neoplastic disease can be detected BEFORE the development of symptoms, when it is most curable.

A rectal examination may uncover a mass in patients with rectal cancer, but not colon cancer. Imagination diagnostic diagnostic tests to diagnose colorectal malignant neoplastic disease include: Colonoscopy and Sigmoidoscopy.

If your physician larns that you make have got colorectal cancer, further tests will be done to see if the malignant neoplastic disease have spread.


¨ Stage 0: Very early malignant neoplastic disease on the innermost layer of the bowel Phase I: Cancer is in the interior layers of the colon

¨ Stage II: Cancer have distribute through the musculus wall of the colon

¨ Stage III: Cancer have distribute to the lymph nodes

¨ Stage IV: Cancer that have distribute to other organs.

Treatment depends partly on the phase of the cancer. In general, treatments may include: Chemotherapy medical specialties to kill malignant neoplastic disease cells; Surgery to take malignant neoplastic disease cells; Radiation therapy to destruct cancerous tissue.

Stage 0 colon malignant neoplastic disease may be treated by removing the malignant neoplastic disease cells, often during a colonoscopy; Phase two to present four colon malignant neoplastic disease should have chemotherapy after surgery and this may include cutting out the cancer, combustion it (ablation), or freeze it (cryotherapy); Stages I, II, and three malignant neoplastic disease are considered potentially curable but in most cases, phase four malignant neoplastic disease is not curable.


Some grounds proposes that low-fat and high-fiber lights may cut down your hazard of colon cancer. Preventive Services Undertaking Military Unit urges against taking acetylsalicylic acid or other anti-inflammatory medical specialties to forestall colon malignant neoplastic disease if you have got an norm hazard of the disease -- even if person in your household have had the condition.

Although low-dose acetylsalicylic acid may assist cut down your hazard of other conditions, such as as bosom disease, it makes not less the charge per unit of colon cancer.