Colorectal cancer, also called big intestine cancer, is the term used to depict malignant tumours establish in the colon and rectum.
In the United States, about 160,000 new lawsuits of colorectal malignant neoplastic disease are diagnosed each year. It is the 3rd most commonly diagnosed malignant neoplastic disease and the 2nd prima cause of malignant neoplastic disease decease in the United States.
The norm age of diagnosing of malignant neoplastic disease in patients with this syndrome is 44 old age old, as compared to 64 old age old in people without the syndrome. Two-thirds of these malignant neoplastic diseases happen in the proximal colon.
In colon malignant neoplastic disease patients, diagnosticians can mensurate microsatellite instability in colon tumour specimens, which is a alternate marker for deoxyribonucleic acid mismatch fix factor dysfunction.
To cognize if you are at hazard to colorectal cancer, you must cognize what are the causes, hazard factors and symptoms associated with this cancer.
However, I have got known there is no single cause for colon cancer. Nearly all colon malignant neoplastic diseases get as benign polyps, which slowly develop into cancer.
But you have got got a higher hazard for colon malignant neoplastic disease if you have: Colorectal polypuses Cancer elsewhere in the body, a household history of colon cancer, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, personal history of breast cancer.
Certain familial syndromes also increase the hazard of developing colon cancer. What you eat may play a function in your hazard of colon cancer.
Colon malignant neoplastic disease may be associated with a high-fat, low-fiber light and reddish meat. Colon and rectum malignant neoplastic disease often do no symptoms, especially at first.
The followers symptoms, however, may bespeak colon cancer: Diarrhea, constipation, or other alteration in intestine habits, blood in the stool, unexplained anemia, abdominal hurting and tenderness in the less abdomen. It may also include intestinal obstruction, weight loss with no known reason, narrow stools.
With proper screening, colon malignant neoplastic disease can be detected BEFORE the development of symptoms, when it is most curable.
A rectal examination may uncover a mass in patients with rectal cancer, but not colon cancer. Imagination diagnostic diagnostic tests to diagnose colorectal malignant neoplastic disease include: Colonoscopy and Sigmoidoscopy.
If your physician larns that you make have got colorectal cancer, further tests will be done to see if the malignant neoplastic disease have spread.
¨ Stage 0: Very early malignant neoplastic disease on the innermost layer of the bowel Phase I: Cancer is in the interior layers of the colon
¨ Stage II: Cancer have distribute through the musculus wall of the colon
¨ Stage III: Cancer have distribute to the lymph nodes
¨ Stage IV: Cancer that have distribute to other organs.
Treatment depends partly on the phase of the cancer. In general, treatments may include: Chemotherapy medical specialties to kill malignant neoplastic disease cells; Surgery to take malignant neoplastic disease cells; Radiation therapy to destruct cancerous tissue.
Stage 0 colon malignant neoplastic disease may be treated by removing the malignant neoplastic disease cells, often during a colonoscopy; Phase two to present four colon malignant neoplastic disease should have chemotherapy after surgery and this may include cutting out the cancer, combustion it (ablation), or freeze it (cryotherapy); Stages I, II, and three malignant neoplastic disease are considered potentially curable but in most cases, phase four malignant neoplastic disease is not curable.
Some grounds proposes that low-fat and high-fiber lights may cut down your hazard of colon cancer. Preventive Services Undertaking Military Unit urges against taking acetylsalicylic acid or other anti-inflammatory medical specialties to forestall colon malignant neoplastic disease if you have got an norm hazard of the disease -- even if person in your household have had the condition.
Although low-dose acetylsalicylic acid may assist cut down your hazard of other conditions, such as as bosom disease, it makes not less the charge per unit of colon cancer.